Wendake is the ancestral home of the Huron Wendat nation.
Ste. Marie Among the Hurons was established in the 17th century when French Jesuits arrived with the goal of converting Indigenous peoples to Catholicism.
All public accounts of this history written by Jesuits of New France. As a result, most accounts will have you believe that the Jesuits and the Haudenosaunee peoples lived in perfect harmony. Only few accounts will mention the numerous attacks and uprisings by the Haudenosaunee people against the Jesuits and their colonial project.
Source: Ontario Huronia Historical Parks
In the winter we all went to Ste. Marie-Among-The-Hurons where we learned about the French Jesuits and the Natives, and how they all lived together and learned from each other.
We were taught by a nice French man how to make canoe paddles that they used to get across the river.
Medicine bags were traditionally used by First Nations peoples, and specifically by Shamans or Medicine Men to carry sacred herbs and objects that were believed to have healing powers. They are still used to day by many Indigenous peoples. These bags traditionally carried something from each of the four elements of creation - Plant, Animal, Mineral, and Man.
Source: The Silver Moccasin - Authentic Native Crafts
Ste. Marie among the Hurons was burned and abandoned in 1649 because of growing attacks by the Huron Wendat Nation, who rejected and refused the Jesuit's colonial advances and conversions to Catholicism. Jesuit missionaries and their helpers burned down the settlement. It was not reconstructed until three centuries later.
Source: Ontario Huronia Historical Parks
The Québec history guys also taught us how to make these bags that looked pretty cool. We put our different arts and crafts in them.
We learned that Ste. Marie burned down and they had to rebuild it, so they showed us how the people of Québec re-made everything.
In 2017, Ontario Pioneer Camp banned all "out" LGBTQIA2S+ staff and counsellors.
Source: Huffington Post
It is also worth noting that no formal land acknowledgement or Indigenous history of OPC exists (at least, that was accessible to me in the time that I researched and created this assignment).
OPC is a non-denominational evangelical camp run by
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship of Canada, which operates
eight similar camps across the country.
In the past five years, there have been dozens of stories submitted to Inter-Varsity by OPC alumni, chronicling the horrific treatment of LGBTQIA2S+ students and staff.
As of 2021, there have been no changes to the Inter-Varsity code of conduct. Openly queer people are not allowed on camp grounds.
We also went to Ontario Pioneer Camp which was really fun and cool!
We got to spend a week in these cabins camping and doing fun outdoor things.
All the girls in my class brought bikinis for group swim time. I didn't bring a bikini, I only brought a one piece. So when it was time to go swimming, I opted out. So did my best friend at the time, who also didn't have a bikini and wasn't comfortable in a bathing suit in front of the grade, either. So we spent time hanging out in our cabin instead of swimming with our classmates.
When we returned to the group, there had been rumours spread across our whole seventh grade class that we were lesbians and snuck away to experiment with each other, which wasn't true.
That was the first time anyone had ever called me a homophobic slur. The rumour that I liked girls didn't stop for years, at which point it was no longer a rumour.
This is me cleaning forks and knives, which was not very fun. As you can see my hair was dry 'cause I didn't want to go swimming.
My Class Trips by Camille
Hi my name is Camille Intson. I am a grade 7 student from Hamilton, Ontario. This school year we went on a bunch of really cool trips! Here are some of the pics I took when I was there!
It is generally accepted that archery arrived in the Americas via Alaska, and was widely known among the Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island from 500AD onwards.
Source: Brian Fagan. The first North Americans. Thames and Hudson, London, 2011. ISBN 978-0-500-02120-0 Hodge, Frederick Webb (1907). Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, Vol 1 pg 485. Government Printing Office
We did some archery which was super fun. In middle school I learned that archery came from the ancient civilizations of Europe.
Then we did some carving with soapstone, which was also super fun.
During the War of 1812, First Nations and Métis fighters played an important role in defending British territories against American forces. For many Indigenous folk, American expansion was the greater threat. This was in part due to the Treaty of Paris (1783) which concluded that the American Revolution reversed land rights gains made by First Nations peoples in the earlier Royal Proclamation of 1763.
First Nations peoples were never once mentioned at Stoney Creek Battlefield. Every historical reenactment actor was White.
Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia
I never heard the word "colonization", or learned about residential schools, until I was 16 years old. I had a History teacher named Ms. Dick, who had a Pride flag hanging in her room and taught a Residential School Unit every single semester even if it had nothing to do with the class she was teaching, and even if it wasn't officially mandated by the school board. She didn't care; she said it was our responsibility to learn about the genocide.
When I came home after my first class on residential schools and asked my parents if they were aware they existed, they both confessed to me that they had no idea.
Then at the end of the year we all went to Stoney Creek Battlefield to do a reenactment of the War of 1812.
It was fun to learn about such an important time in Canadian history.
Stoney Creek Battlefield is now home to a figurative public statue, entitled "The Eagles Among Us", which denotes First Nations concepts of reconciliation and healing following the Battle of Stoney Creek and the War of 1812.
This public statue was finished in 2014 and completed by renowned former Six Nations Elected Chief David General. General used interpretations of the cultural traditions of the Haudenosaunee and Anishinabek communities to address themes of healing and reconciliation, which included representations of the Ojibwa Medicine Wheel, Covenant Chain Wampum Belt, and Great Tree of Peace. The statue is currently the site of an ongoing vigil for the 215 Indigenous children found buried at a Kamloops Residential School.
The statue's statement of sovereignty is important to the artist, who cites the importance of Chief Levi "Deskahe" General, who brought the message of Six Nations' sovereignty to the world in the elary 1920s through international diplomacy.
I had never heard that name until I did research for this project.
Stoney Creek Battlefield House, which is the site upon which this 'gun-firing' activity was staged, became home to families that had fled American states after the Revolutionary War.
One of these families, the Davis family, were plantation owners from North Carolina.
Here is my friend Cassie shooting a pretend gun right outside of Battlefield House.
Overall it was a very fun enjoyable trip. It was cool to learn about the war and now I know a lot more about Canadian history!